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Category Archives: Vydehi School of Rehabilitation
Stomach ache is a common problem in kids but to know if its just another stomach ache or there is an undercover serious issue you need to see the signs. Here are few signs you could look far to understand whether the stomach ache your child is having is or serious nature or is just another routine stomach ache that would go away soon.
Green Vomit – If your child’s vomit is green it indicates that the intestines are blocked. Hence if your kid has a stomach ache accompanied by green or yellowish green vomit, it’s a sign not to be ignored.
Blood in Vomit – While blood in stool at times could be a result of constipation, blood in vomit could be a sign of serious infection, intestinal issue or inflammatory bowel disease.
Fever and bad cough – Stomach ache could also be caused due to Pneumonia. There are many viruses that could cause stomach ache alongside cough but if the child shows symptoms of fever, fast breathing along with cough, take it as a serious health issue.
Pain while urinating – If the child complains of stomach ache alongside pain during peeing, it could be a sign of urinary tract infection.
Dizziness and face swelling – If your child is less active than usual and sleepy besides having a swelled up face it could be a sign of a serious allergic reaction. Its emergency of sorts, so good idea to contact the doctor immediately.
Well, there are many more signals that point to serious kinds of conditions with stomach ache symptoms. So, before you ignore a stomach ache to be just a routine ache, do watch out for the signals and take necessary and prompt action to be sure enough from your end.
Parenting children is already a task, more so if your children are the super active types. The work increases by manifolds when it comes to parenting kids with special needs. The reason being the extra support that these kids need does at times take a toll on the parents. Being a parent of a special child is like on duty round the clock even on vacations or during play time. Burnout is a common issue thus amongst parents be is children with specials needs or not. It’s okay. Parents need to understand that at the end of the day they are human beings and have a body that needs rest when it needs rest.
Preventing burnout though is the best way. It is equivalent to child care. Many parents just keep ignoring the body from days to weeks to months to years and wait till burnout happens. But, it’s rather important to take care of yourself as much you take care of your body.
Take mini Breaks – Try out weekend breaks. Give yourself some me time. Go for a walk, listen to music, read a few books or indulge in to any of your favorite hobby. It’s all about spending time with yourself. Some people love spending time with family too. If you think that soothes you or destress you do that. Do what rejuvenates you and shuns away the tiredness.
Ask for Help – If you try to search you will definitely find help in the likes of friends and relatives, reliable enough and offering help. Many a times parents are the best possible help that’s reliable and anytime mostly. They are always happy to help and if you feel you need a little help from them to rejuvenate or refresh yourself, go ahead and just ask without hesitation.
Joint Effort – Well, it takes two to tango and hence it’s advisable to divide your responsibilities with your partner. Take turns so each one of you gets adequate rest and refreshes.
Parenting is not a one day or one year project, it is a 20 year long term project and hence, it’s important for you as a parent to be equally fit so that you can give your best when it comes to parenting.
*Sourced from Internet
As per statistics around 2.1 % of India’s population is suffering from some kind of disabilities or challenges, which means these children will grow up into adults with special needs. Even though, many children with special needs are put into schools offering special education and have the ability to work in positions similar to their peers, only 10% of them are actually absorbed into the various job sectors. While there’s a dire need for the government and social community to take notice of this issue and work towards creating work opportunities for adults with special needs, here’s a look through some of the job profiles where adults with specials needs are working and well to say the least.
Hospitality – Be it cooking in the kitchen or housekeeping, the hospitality industry does welcome staff with special abilities. Though it isn’t that glamourous there are opportunities in this sector.
Arts – This is one such area where expertise can give enormous returns and fame too. As an artist people with special abilities can have a flourishing career and they could be their own boss too. Arts like painting, photography, sculpture, theatre could be one of the best options for career for people with special needs
Craft – Handcraft industry in India is doing really well and with ecommerce providing a big marketplace, working in the craft industry is also another work areas suitable for adults with special needs. Government does offer financial assistance for people looking to become entrepreneur in house handicraft industry.
Freelance – This could be for any sort of work which you could do sitting at home. Work from home opportunities in sectors for accounting, finance, medical transcription, graphic design or more could definitely be a big yes for adults with special needs.
Veterinary – You may get to see adults with special needs in veterinary clinics and the reason it adults with special needs can relate with animals in a much better way than humans. Apparently its true for even normal people, ain’t it? It could be as a veterinary doctor or groomer or even working in a local pet store, this profile could be quite a suit for them.
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A report of 2018 says that India is at the top of the list of most depressed countries. Not a shocker, isn’t it? Though Indians are known to be adjusting people and content by nature, it comes to light that they are the most depressed too. Well, on one side we adjust ourselves easily to anything, be it less finances, bad roads, lack of infrastructure or pretty much anything for that matter. A study by National Care of medical Health (NCMH) around 6.5 % of Indians suffer from a serious mental conditions irrespective of being rural or urban. The government is carrying of awareness programs but there is a scarcity of psychologists and psychiatrists as well as mental health doctors. Even the suicide rate as reported in 2014 was one in 1 lacs has gone up and now the average comes to around 10.9 per lac. Even the average age of suicide is under 44 years of age.
The other countries included in the list include China, Brazil, United States, Russia, Indonesia, Pakistan, to name a few. Here’s an overview of the mental health scenario in these countries.
Pakistan – As startling as it may seem, there are only 750 professional psychiatrists as per a report of the year 2012. Furthermore, due to the taboo around mental health most of the cases are not even reported and hence even the exact number of people suffering from mental conditions is not known.
USA – Yes, off-course mental health is a common issues in one of the most powerful nations of the world, United States of America. The reason is again scarcity of mental health professionals and only about 41% of those suffering from these conditions are able to get treated. Apparently, many do not take it seriously and ignore it expecting to get over it without treatment.
China – China is one of the most affected countries for mental health conditions again. Around 91.8 % of the citizens are known to be suffering from one or the other mental condition particularly depression and that they do not bother about getting medical assistance at all. C
Brazil – Another other country to have the most number of depressed people in the world is Latin America. The reason behind it is social conditions like homelessness, poverty, migration issues, violence and more. Hence, most of the population here is under high stress and anxiety.
Indonesia – The figures are lower in Indonesia compared to the others in the list but enough to rate it under the clutches of the mental health disorder monster. As per statistics around 6 percent of the population over 15 years of age suffers from mental conditions.
Well, it’s not that the Government of these countries ain’t swinging into action but its high time even the citizens take mental health as seriously as we take physical health as it is equally helps our over-all wellbeing.
*Sourced from Internet
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As per statistics of India, the working generation in India is already into the clutches of the mental health issues. A study of 2015 shows that around 42.5% working professionals of private sector in India suffer from mental health issues like anxiety and depression. Furthermore, due to the stigma around mental health, most people have been refraining from taking appropriate treatment and ignoring it away. Though, in urban areas the situation is changing and people are coming to terms with the fact that like the physical body needs medical attention when not well, similarly our mind needs a mental health expert when under stress or if somethings not right with it. As simple as that.
What is more alarming is The World health organization’s estimate that India could suffer economic losses amounting to 1.03 trillion dollars on account of mental health issues during the period of 2012 and 2030. Another study reveals that around 71% of Indians consider mental conditions as a taboo. The Wall Street Journal in its 2016 report revealed that Indians work for 52 hours every week and its way to high compared to their peers across 25 countries. In Indian working women the rate of psychiatric morbidity is 38% compared to 26% non-working women.
At work there’s a lot of stress resulting from deadline and target achievement, office politics and bullying and then there’s personal issues like finances, relationships and family problems making it a perfect breeding arena for mental health illnesses. Talking about management of mental conditions, there is definitely a way out but it has to be worked upon at a personal as well as a professional level.
Professionally, the employers need to understand that it is as simple as better mental equals to better quality and better productivity. So, there have to be policies put into place and the employees need to be given a healthy working environment.
On a personal basis consulting a good therapist, engaging into hobbies post work, help and support from family besides medication can help in resolving mental health conditions. The most important point to be kept in mind around mental health is that the earlier you work on your condition the better. Hence, early intervention for childhood mental health conditions can work really well for children born with mental health issues and help them improve quality of life.
Well, it’s high time that we focus on our mental health with the same interest as we focus on the bodily health because mental health issues are bound to affect our physical well-being also, without any doubt.
*Sourced from Internet
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Imagine a life where you aren’t able to express yourself through words. Not easy to imagine, right? The fact though is that many children in India and across the world are known to suffer from hearing loss. As per statistics in India, over 63 million people in India are deaf and it is known to be the second most common cause of disability in India. Furthermore, education of the children suffering from auditory loss is a concern because for every 20 lakh deaf children on 25-300 interpreters are available. While communication is a difficulty for people with hearing loss, it makes it all the more overwhelming for kids because they want to communicate so much and aren’t able to do so.
Having a child with auditory loss is again disastrous news for parents when every parent longs to hear their child call them dad or mom. The ideal solution is to observe and go for expert advice. An early diagnosis could go a long way in helping your child deal with this disability. Hearing aids are the preliminary solutions that could help your child drastically. Other hearing loss treatments for children include cochlear implants that help in development of the language and speech of the child of hearing aids are not so helpful.
Benefits of Early Intervention
Early intervention works well with children having auditory loss issues. If parents follow certain guidelines while communication with their children, this could work wonders for your child in the later years.
Make eye contact while talking to your child. If you are not making eye contact, are looking down or doing something else like reading a newspaper then it could be difficult for the child.
Keep a distance of around 1-5 meters from your child and face your child. This way your child can see you and read your lips and understand your expressions.
Do not talk to your child while chewing or eating. This could confuse your child as he or she would not be able to ready the lips and even the pronunciation could be different for a child wearing hearing aids.
Do not let other sounds interfere with your talk when communicating with your child. So, switch off background stuff like TV, music systems, etc., because it would definitely confuse your child.
Lastly but most importantly, because your child can’t hear doesn’t mean you shout into them. Talk softly and clearly so they can read you to understand. Shouting wouldn’t be of any use. If your child is facing difficulty understanding, try rephrasing your sentence.
Well, it is difficult to parent a child with auditory loss but if you begin early on and follow the guidelines given above, you should be able to make a notable difference in the life as far as communication is concerned.
*Sourced from Internet
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Sonalee Shyamsunder, a political science postgraduate, and human rights diploma used to work as a reporter, before a heart-wrenching incident she witnessed changed her life and drove her to set up a foundation for kids with special needs called ‘Urmi foundation.’ She was working as a reporter on a project where she had to visit one of the slums in Mumbai. There she saw a little girl with hands tied in a murky house. This girl was trying to free herself and there was no one to attend. Though she was shocked, she went away. But, soon was back as she could not resist to find out more. She came back to see that the child was eating her own excreta. This girl had Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). She then spoke to her parents and came to know that they were unable to manage the child as she used to run around, was always hungry and they tied her because they were scared that she would hurt herself. But, that incident shook her from within and this is when she decided to quit her job and work towards the upliftment of kids with special needs. She was 35 when she started the Urmi foundation for the kids with disabilities. As per Sonalee, parents living in slums are not aware of mental health conditions in kids and due to lack of awareness around the same, they often treat their kids differently like locking them out of fear or frustration. They’re not even aware that teaching them life skills can be of great help to these kids.
Though she was having a job that paid her well, the incident led her to take a journey within and work around social challenges. As per Sonalee it was never a one day job to start a social foundation and that she had been a witness of many instances that kept fueling her thoughts of starting such an enterprise. As a student, she already had spent over three years volunteering at the Baba Amte Ashram in Mumbai. Besides, she also worked with children living in red light areas of Mumbai through the organization Prerna. All these experiences coupled together made her realize that she needs to do something substantial for children.
Through the Urmi foundation, Sonalee and her team want to create an environment that is adaptive and inclusive for children of special needs and help them grow academically. Her way is to make things easy for these kids. For example, they found that kids with speech disabilities were not able to express their problems to the doctor easily. So, the created digital emojis for them, that include body parts and select expressions. They even provided these signs to doctors of government hospitals so that the kids could communicate with the doctors about their pain easily. Well, this is just the beginning for Sonalee as she plans to open a special education school in the red light area for kids here, first of its kind, as she thinks these kids compared to others are more prone to physical mental or sexual abuse. And to turn this dream into reality she is working with other people and trying to get like-minded ones on board as well.
*Sourced from Internet
Special needs come into picture when the child is facing conditions that include developmental delays, psychiatric conditions, medical conditions as well as congenital conditions where-in additional support is needed for a child to unleash his/her own potential.
Well, parenting a child with special needs is an uphill task. But, with school and community support can be managed in a better way in urban areas. The task becomes really steep when you are in rural or remote areas and it’s not easy for the parents or children. There are a lot more problems that hinder the quality of life and development of children with special needs in rural areas. Here’s a look through some of the main challenges that children with special needs in a rural setting have to face –
Lack of Individual attention – This is one of the most common challenges faced by children with special needs. Obviously, schools with a larger setup have more resources including special education aids that help teachers and special educators work around with special children. While working in rural setups with lack of infrastructure and resources, it is not possible to work with every special child on an individual basis.
Lack of Staff – As rural setups of schools are in remote areas, bringing in professional staff isn’t easy. Staying in such places is rarely a preferred choice. In cities professionals have their own social life at the end of the day or week where they hang out with friends, watch movies together, feel rejuvenated get ready for the next day. But, that’s not the case in rural areas leading to teachers and staff feeling isolated or lonely. Hence, there is scarcity of staff and the existing ones have to shuffle across multiple locations making it exhaustive for them as well.
Lack of Training – A special education needs to be dealt with multiple disabilities at a time. At remote locations, it becomes tougher to deal with it and hence, training the teachers for managing this task properly individual training programs need to be implemented.
Parental Support – Some parents, particularly in rural areas are ignorant about special needs and at times not interested as well in providing the needed support to them. On the flip side, even overtly caring parents can make it difficult for the teachers and educators to work around these children. But, adequate parental support can help make the life of a child with special needs much better and help the kids bloom to their fullest.
Low Packages – While teachers are given good packages in many good schools, specials educators are not paid the same comparatively, while their task is much tougher because they are already dealing with kids who need additional support with learning. This also is a factor that is resulting in scarcity of special educator jobs.
*Sourced from the Internet
India, a country that is still in its developing stage, is a home for over 27 million kids who are differently abled. Call them kids with special needs, differently abled or challenged, it only means that these kids need additional external help or support to do the same things which their peers can do without. Though, the confusion around the learning, physical or mental disabilities and slow growth as well as difficulties around managing behavior and emotions are always there. So, as a parent of a differently abled child is primarily understood that you have to put atleast two times the effort parents put for their children who are abled. Here are a few points to help you handle your child when it comes to interacting as well as education him or her.
Do not consider your child any lesser – Because the child has special needs does not mean that he or she is any lesser or inferior to other kids. The parent is the first person to understand this, forget others. This will help you work with your child with an open mind and understand them better.
Do not consider yourself different – Though you need to obviously put in more effort than other parents, it’s not that it makes you different from others. There are abled children who need more parental support as well. Every child is different requires to be handled differently.
It’s exhaustive, be ready – Child with learning disabilities require attention on a continuous basis more so form the mother. You will have to be on your toes all the time and this can get quite exhaustive. Be ready for it, cause it will definitely be a boon for the kids in the later years.
Best or Worst, Stand strong – With children you could have to go through different phases, some of them making you really happy and content while some very exhaustive and worse as well. There could be days that go by in peace and some full of tantrums and crankiness. You might see no results for long also even if you put all effort. Stay strong and believe in yourself and your child.
Enjoy every moment – It’s not about the moments lived but the life in the moments. So, even when every-day you on your toes working with your child, try to enjoy the moments you spend together and create memories that help your child throughout their lives.
*Sourced from the Internet
Is there any difference between the two terms or are they used interchangeably? The language/ terms used by schools as well as support services does confuse many parents and make them ponder around the difference between disability and special needs.
Speaking about the term Disability, it is more about physical and mental inabilities while special needs are related to learning disabilities. There is one more term – differently-abled, which is used for mental as well as physical disabilities.
Special needs actually do mean special education needs as children with learning disabilities need additional support as compared to their peers. Examples of special education needs include -
Social, Behavioral and emotional difficulties
Multiple learning difficulties
Moderate learning problems
Speech, communication and language needs
Autism spectrum disorders
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and specific learning disabilities
Disabilities include all the physical and mental disabilities that affect their daily routine activities. As per statistics, 2.9 Million Children in India are disabled. Youngsters, particularly children have complex needs and therefore require assistance. The assistance includes support around emotional, intellectual or behavioral, health and intellectual development.
Communication disorder of severe nature
Developmental delay at pre-school
Long term learning difficulty
Sensory impairment like visual, deafness and blindness
Autism Spectrum disorder
Multiple complex and chronic conditions
Hence, when you use the term disabilities you are apparently talking about physical and mental inabilities and when you are talking about special needs, it’s actually about the needs of children around managing learning disabilities generally.
*Sourced from the Internet
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